Space-Time is SpinorialSparling’s spinorial theory is based on Einstein’s general relativity and Elie Cartan’s triality concept, which can link space-time with two twistor spaces. Twistor spaces are mathematical spaces used to understand geometrical objects in space-time landscapes. Sparling explains spinors in the following way:“In physics, the idea of a spinor stems from the finding that spectral lines of atoms seem to behave as if the angular momentum of the particles radiating photons was in half-integral units of the quantized spin (whose size is determined by Planck’s constant). This was fully explained by Dirac’s famous theory of the electron, which led him to successfully predict the existence of the positron.” Some spinorial particles include the electron, muon, tau, proton, neutron, quarks, neutrinos, and all their anti-particles, which are called fermions and have half-integer spins. There are also non-spinorial particles, called bosons, such as the photon, graviton, pion, mesons, the W and Z bosons, the Higgs, (if it exists) and so on, which have an integer spin, Sparling explains. “The key difference between spinors and non-spinors is their behavior under rotations: typically, non-spinorial (integer-spin) particles return to their initial value under a 360-degree (or 2π-radian) rotation; however, the spinorial (half-integer-spin) fermions actually change sign under a 360-degree rotation, requiring a full 720-degree rotation to get back to their initial values. This is completely foreign to our naive idea of how rotations work, and yet it is a basic part of reality. “Consider this analogy: if you take a plate and hold it in one hand horizontally whilst twisting it under your arm backwards through 360 degrees, your arm ends up in the air after one rotation, and it needs another 360 degree rotation to get it back to the beginning,” he said. Twistors, then, are a special kind of spinor first introduced by Penrose (Sparling was a PhD student of Penrose). In Sparling’s theory, the two twistor spaces are each six-dimensional, forcing space-time to also have six dimensions, in accordance with Cartan’s unifying triality. Because the twistor spaces’ geometry is ultra-hyperbolic, the extra dimensions are time-like.“My work has three six-dimensional spaces which at one level are on an equal footing and which are bound together by a new transform, which I call the Xi-transform,” Sparling said. “Two of these spaces can be understood at the space-time level as twisters. Then the third space can be given a space-time interpretation, but only if we have two extra dimensions: so it is the requirement of symmetry between the spinor spaces and the space-time that dictates that the extra dimensions be there.”A Harmonious ConcinnityWhile the concepts of twistor theory and spinors have been previously investigated as an alternative to space-time, Sparling explains how his new proposal is slightly different because it’s not a complete replacement of space-time. Rather, the guiding principle of his idea is that of a harmonious combination of three entities, or a “trinity.” Each part of the theory reinforces the other parts. “If one accepts that there are these three spaces [space-time and two twistor spaces] that are central to my theory, one looks for a theory which unifies them; this would be the ‘concinnity’,” he explained. “An indicator that there might be such a theory comes from the theory of Jordan algebras, which naturally unifies the three spaces into a twenty-seven dimensional whole, called an exceptional Jordan algebra.” Sparling’s student Philip Tillman and ex-students Dana Mihai, Devendra Kapadia and Suresh Maran also played a significant role related to this work. “A second indicator is that there are two radically different descriptions of massless particles, such as the photon: the standard one uses Fourier analysis in space-time and another uses twistor theory and sheaf cohomology,” he added. “The mathematical formalisms used in these two different descriptions are so different that it is simply amazing that they are describing the same basic physics. The concinnity would provide an explanation for this. This would then unify twistor theory, space-time theory and string theory—this is very tentative, however.“A very interesting aspect is that Newton fought strongly against the idea of the trinity (in a religious context),” Sparling noted. “It is ironic that I am invoking that very same idea in the context of gravity: perhaps Newton saw that the concept could be used in physics, but because he could not think of such a use he rebelled strongly against it (of course, I have no evidence for this!).”Although the theory is not definitive, Sparling explains that several major ideas in current physics would likely play a role (such as condensed matter physics, category theory, non-commutative geometry, string theory, and the structure of superfluids). Such connections might also point the direction to a unified theory, though currently speculative.“My work can be seen as a strong antidote to the present air of pessimism surrounding modern fundamental physics,” Sparling said. “As is well-known, string theory has been roundly criticized for its lack of predictive power. String theorists have been reduced to an absurd reliance on the anthropic principle, for example. Here I have a clear-cut prediction, which goes against the common wisdom, which gives experimenters a target to go for: first find the extra dimensions, then decide their signature (a very tough homework assignment!). Of course I could be proved wrong, but the effort to decide is surely worthwhile.“Actually, in the area of philosophy, I am in opposition to string theory,” he said. “It is a top down theory: dream up something that works in some high dimension and then try to finagle some way of reducing to fit in with the lower-dimensional theory. My approach is bottom up: take the existing four-dimensional theory seriously and try to build up from it. This is very tough to do. Hopefully my ideas work. Note that my work only constitutes a possible beginning at a more inclusive theory.”Sparling continues to explore the ideas of this 6-D time-like spinorial theory of space-time, with support from a workshop at the BIRS Institute in Banff, Canada, and ideas from philosophers including Alexander Afriat, Steve Awodey, Jonathan Bain and Rita Marija Malikonyte-Mockus. He predicts that experimental investigations in the near future—such as the Large Hadron Collider—might uncover the extra dimensions. Citation: Sparling, George A. J. “Germ of a synthesis: space-time is spinorial, extra dimensions are time-like.” Proc. R. Soc. A. doi:10.1098/rspa.2007.1839.Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Proposed Spacetime Structure Could Provide Hints for Quantum Gravity Theory The analytical structure underlying the spinorial theory can be represented visually. The structure is a Xi-transform, which moves between the three spaces in the directions given by the bendings of the upper case Greek letter Xi. The distorted squares represent the wave operator. The product of a wave operator and a Xi transform, taken in any order, is zero. Image credit: Erin Sparling. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Cartan’s triality symbol links two twistor space and space-time. Image credit: Erin Sparling Explore further Sparling’s paper, which was published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society A, lays the groundwork for his theory. He explains how spatial dimensions contain positive signs (e.g., Pythagoras’ 3D space is expressed as the sum of the squares of the intervals in three directions, x, y, and z). Minkowski’s time-like dimension, on the other hand, combines these three dimensions with the square of time displacement, which contains an overall negative sign. “In three dimensions, the formula reads s2 = x2 + y2 + z2,” Sparling explained to PhysOrg.com. “Our standard spacetime has four dimensions, but the formula has a critical minus sign: s2 = x2 + y2 + z2 – t2. The Lithuanian Hermann Minkowski invented this idea, which was published just six weeks before he died. Indeed, [Sir Roger] Penrose, for one, says that special relativity was not a finished theory until Minkowski’s famous Raum und Zeit [‘Space and Time’] paper.”Up until now, Sparling explains, most theories concerning extra dimensions have dealt with space-like rather than time-like dimensions, which results in a “hyperbolic” rather than an “ultra-hyperbolic” geometry. However, Sparling notes that there are no a priori arguments for a hyperbolic geometry, and he looks into the possibility of a “spinorial” theory of physics, where six dimensions of space-time arise naturally. “In general dimensions, we say that the space-time is hyperbolic if there is only one minus sign in the formula for s2,” he said. “So, for example, in the ten dimensions of superstring theory, there are nine spatial dimensions with plus signs and one minus sign. Only in that situation is there a clear-cut distinction between the future and the past.” “In my case, I am led to the conclusion that the ordinary four dimensional space-time extends naturally into six dimensions: the four dimensional space is hyperbolic as usual, but in the surrounding space there are equal numbers (3 each) of space and time dimensions, so the formula for s2 reads something like s2 = x2 + y2 + z2 – t2 – u2 – v2, where u and v represent the new time variables. I call this structure a (3, 3)-structure (mathematicians call it ultra-hyperbolic).” In a recent study, mathematician George Sparling of the University of Pittsburgh examines a fundamental question pondered since the time of Pythagoras, and still vexing scientists today: what is the nature of space and time? After analyzing different perspectives, Sparling offers an alternative idea: space-time may have six dimensions, with the extra two being time-like. Citation: Mathematician suggests extra dimensions are time-like (2007, April 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-04-mathematician-extra-dimensions-time-like.html
(PhysOrg.com) — As part of its effort to speed up the Web, Google is experimenting with SPDY, a new application layer protocol, that it hopes will speed up the conversation between browsers and Web servers and enable Web pages to download up to twice as fast. According to software engineers Mike Belshe and Roberto Peon in Google’s research blog SPDY (pronounced “speedy”) protocol was tested in the laboratory by downloading each of the top 25 websites 10 times. The test environment simulated home network connections, and used a special web server and a Google Chrome browser prototype. The tests indicated SPDY gave page load times up to 55% faster. SPDY does not replace HTTP, but rather creates a session between the HTTP application layer and the TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) transport layer and basically augments HTTP. It speeds up web page downloads by using several techniques, including allowing multiple simultaneous HTTP requests per TCP session, request prioritization, and compressing the data to cut the number of packets. It does not replace HTTP headers but it overrides HTTP’s data transfer formats and connection management features. HTTP allows browsers and servers to understand each other and translate data from a Web publisher to a page displayed in a browser. It became the web standard in 1996, but Google’s development team think it needs the update to make it faster.SPDY’s performance in the real world still needs to be evaluated. Web pages would not need to be changed for the SPDY protocol to work, but Web servers and browsers would. If it is to be widely used, the new protocol would therefore need to be supported by browsers other than Google’s own Chrome, such as Firefox and Internet Explorer. While Mozilla may be willing to support it, convincing Microsoft to do the same may be more troublesome. Previous developments aimed at improving download speeds, such as SST (Structured Stream Transport) and SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol) have not become widely used.© 2009 PhysOrg.com Chrome 4.0 beta web browser launched This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Google’s SPDY will speed up downloads (2009, November 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-11-google-spdy-downloads.html Explore further
Citation: Scientists take another step towards quantum computing using flawed diamonds (2011, March 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-scientists-quantum-flawed-diamonds.html Explore further More information: meetings.aps.org/Meeting/MAR11/Event/138902 (PhysOrg.com) — David D. Awschalom, of the Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, in a paper published recently in the Bulletin of the American Physical Society, describes a way to connect the laser-induced spinning of an electron in a free (defect) space in a diamond, with a nearby nitrogen atom in its natural state, thus, providing a means for creating a quantum data bit (qubit). Turning down the noise in quantum data storage © 2010 PhysOrg.com Awschalom’s discovery takes advantage of the fact that some diamonds have a flaw in them, which at the atomic level means holes are left in the lattice that make up the diamond structure. It is well known that these extra electrons can be made to spin by lasers or even microwaves; what Awschalom did was figure out a way to measure the slight magnetic pull between the free electron and the nucleus of a nearby nitrogen’s atom, all based on the spin of the free electron, and then to use that data to ascertain characteristics of the nitrogen atom. And that’s all you need to create a qubit.It’s been noted that the spin generated by the laser only lasts about a 100 nano-seconds, which granted isn’t very long, but certainly long enough for a high speed computer to perform many calculations. The exceptional thing though is that because the time frame is so short, it would be virtually impossible for anyone to slip in and manipulate the system, thus making a future computer, almost impossible to hack.To look at the system another way, imagine an array of tops, all spinning for just one second; if you could ascertain the state of something else, say the string that was pulled to cause each top to spin, based purely on the data contained in the spinning top, then you‘d have the equivalent of a qubit; and in quantum computing, that’s all you really need; well, that and a method for creating an array of just tops, or with the diamond, all defects. Scientists have for years been intrigued by the idea of a quantum computer; a machine that relies on natural atomic structures and phenomena; such a machine would be able to perform calculations based on existing materials, such as the flaw in a diamond, rather than have to build them from scratch from comparatively bulky materials. Such a machine would dwarf the capabilities of modern computers due to such physical things as the close proximity of atoms relative to one another as compared to the distance data must now travel through micro-processors, much less data I/O channels.With his paper Awschalom shows an actual example of a real world way to create an environment where cubits can be created, observed, and maybe even used to someday create an actual quantum computer; yet another step in a very long process. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
A gamma ray burst (GRB) is a massive wave of radiation that comes about very quickly due either from a star that is dying or when two neutron stars collide. When the wave strikes another planet it can cause major disruptions.GRBs come in two varieties, long and short burst. The longer variety are much more common but until recently scientists didn’t believe they could occur in our part of the universe at all because it was thought they only occurred in low low-metallicity galaxies. More recently it has been found that though more rare, they do also occur in high-metallicity galaxies like ours. Such findings led the researchers with this new effort to wonder what impact GRBs might have had, or continue to have, on the existence of life on planets, including ours.Among other things, they found that based on the likely average incidence of GRBs happening close enough, calculations showed a 60 percent likelihood that a GRB has caused an extinction event here on Earth within just the past billion years. They also found that planets are likely to be less impacted by GRBs the farther away from the center of their galaxy they are simply because there are less such events occurring due to the existence of fewer stars in general. They also noted that it appears unlikely any form of life would have been able to survive anywhere in the known universe prior to 5 billion years ago, as galaxies were so compact before then and strikes would have been very common.The researchers don’t believe a GRB striking the Earth could penetrate the atmosphere, but do believe one could destroy the ozone layer, which would of course lead to the extinction of most living things. They believe it’s possible that such a strike could be the cause behind the Ordovician extinction, approximately 440 million years ago. Explore further More information: Possible Role of Gamma Ray Bursts on Life Extinction in the Universe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 231102 – Published 5 December 2014. dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231102 . Arxiv: arxiv.org/abs/1409.2506ABSTRACTAs a copious source of gamma rays, a nearby galactic gamma ray burst (GRB) can be a threat to life. Using recent determinations of the rate of GRBs, their luminosity function, and properties of their host galaxies, we estimate the probability that a life-threatening (lethal) GRB would take place. Amongst the different kinds of GRBs, long ones are most dangerous. There is a very good chance (but no certainty) that at least one lethal GRB took place during the past 5 gigayears close enough to Earth as to significantly damage life. There is a 50% chance that such a lethal GRB took place during the last 500×106 years, causing one of the major mass extinction events. Assuming that a similar level of radiation would be lethal to life on other exoplanets hosting life, we explore the potential effects of GRBs to life elsewhere in the Galaxy and the Universe. We find that the probability of a lethal GRB is much larger in the inner Milky Way (95% within a radius of 4 kpc from the galactic center), making it inhospitable to life. Only at the outskirts of the Milky Way, at more than 10 kpc from the galactic center, does this probability drop below 50%. When considering the Universe as a whole, the safest environments for life (similar to the one on Earth) are the lowest density regions in the outskirts of large galaxies, and life can exist in only ≈10% of galaxies. Remarkably, a cosmological constant is essential for such systems to exist. Furthermore, because of both the higher GRB rate and galaxies being smaller, life as it exists on Earth could not take place at z>0.5. Early life forms must have been much more resilient to radiation. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Researchers learn more about the possible role of gamma ray bursts on life extinction in the universe (2014, December 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-12-role-gamma-ray-life-extinction.html © 2014 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A pair of astrophysicists studying gamma ray bursts has found that such events might play a much larger role in the existence of life on Earth and other planets than has been thought. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, Tsvi Piran with the Hebrew University in Israel and Raul Jimenez from the University of Barcelona in Spain, suggest that gamma ray bursts might be responsible for past extinctions on Earth, and for limiting the possibility of life on planets near the center of galaxies. End times. In this drawing, as the shell of gamma radiation (blue) from a gamma-ray burst passes across the Earth, it destroys the ozone layer, leaving life vulnerable to deadly solar ultraviolet radiation. Credit: NASA Journal information: Physical Review Letters Gigantic explosions buried in dust: ALMA probes environment around dark gamma-ray bursts , arXiv
(Phys.org)—A long term study conducted by managers of The Park Grass experiment at Rothamsted Research in Harpenden, UK, shows, according to a team of researchers from Germany and the U.K., that under certain conditions, grasslands are able to recover naturally from overexposure to atmospheric nitrogen. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the team describes the condition of grasses and soil at the research center over the course of the past century and a half and what has been learned from it. David Tilman and Forest Isbell with the University of Minnesota offer a News & Views piece on the work done by the team and compare it with findings in other parts of the world. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Scientists know that an overabundance of atmospheric nitrogen can lead to loss of plant diversity—Tilman and Isbell explain that the reason this happens is because of the trade-offs involved in the evolutionary process. When plants in a certain area are suddenly faced with a new nutrient, those with adaptations well suited to the new nutrient are able to take full advantage, while those that are not get pushed out. Over the past couple of hundred years, levels of atmospheric nitrogen increased as part of human caused air pollution, but as problems became evident, people in some parts of the world took action to cause less to be emitted which meant less was put into the air. One of those places was Great Britain, a country heavily involved in the industrial revolution and which also took action to reduce such emissions. During part of this time period a group of progressive thinkers set up a plot of land at Rothamsted Research and planted sections of grasses, with the sections being treated differently—some were fertilized, others were not. This allowed for noting the natural loss of diversification in the grasses that grew on the plots as atmospheric nitrogen levels increased and then as diversification returned, (somewhat) naturally as levels of atmospheric nitrogen were reduced. It was this change that the researchers with this new effort noted and they claim that it shows that under certain circumstances grasslands can heal themselves.There is one major caveat however, the grass blocks at the research center were mowed periodically and the cut grass removed, which presumably took with it some of the nitrogen. More information: J. Storkey et al. Grassland biodiversity bounces back from long-term nitrogen addition, Nature (2015). DOI: 10.1038/nature16444AbstractThe negative effect of increasing atmospheric nitrogen (N) pollution on grassland biodiversity is now incontrovertible1, 2, 3. However, the recent introduction of cleaner technologies in the UK has led to reductions in the emissions of nitrogen oxides, with concomitant decreases in N deposition4. The degree to which grassland biodiversity can be expected to ‘bounce back’ in response to these improvements in air quality is uncertain, with a suggestion that long-term chronic N addition may lead to an alternative low biodiversity state5. Here we present evidence from the 160-year-old Park Grass Experiment at Rothamsted Research, UK6, that shows a positive response of biodiversity to reducing N addition from either atmospheric pollution or fertilizers. The proportion of legumes, species richness and diversity increased across the experiment between 1991 and 2012 as both wet and dry N deposition declined. Plots that stopped receiving inorganic N fertilizer in 1989 recovered much of the diversity that had been lost, especially if limed. There was no evidence that chronic N addition has resulted in an alternative low biodiversity state on the Park Grass plots, except where there has been extreme acidification, although it is likely that the recovery of plant communities has been facilitated by the twice-yearly mowing and removal of biomass. This may also explain why a comparable response of plant communities to reduced N inputs has yet to be observed in the wider landscape. Explore further Park Grass aerial view May 2005. Credit: The Park Grass experiment © 2015 Phys.org Team studies diversity among nitrogen-fixing plants Journal information: Nature Citation: Long term study shows grasslands can recover naturally from too much atmospheric nitrogen (2015, December 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-12-term-grasslands-recover-naturally-atmospheric.html
Explore further More information: Hua Ke et al. Shear-induced assembly of a transient yet highly stretchable hydrogel based on pseudopolyrotaxanes, Nature Chemistry (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41557-019-0235-8 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Chemical structures and overview of the gelation process. Credit: Nature Chemistry (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41557-019-0235-8 Electrical circuit made of gel can repair itself Citation: Researchers use shear forces to create self-assembled supramolecular hydrogel (2019, April 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-self-assembled-supramolecular-hydrogel.html © 2019 Science X Network Journal information: Nature Chemistry The researchers noted that supramolecular hydrogels are generally destroyed by shear forces resulting in conversion to a sol (a colloid with solid particles). They were working with bioinspired versions of molecular self-assembly typically seen in nature, such as occurs with self-healing in animals. They noted that in the natural world, such assembly is usually seen in materials with a complex architecture and have very focused functions. Those made in the lab, in contrast to those in nature, have typically been more stable.As part of their experiments, the researchers added copper ions to a solution of pseudopolyrotaxanes (which were created by threading molecular tubes onto polyethylene glycol chains). They found that when they vigorously shook the cylinder holding their solution, the material inside transformed into a gel. The researchers explain that the shaking exerted shear forces on the ingredients forcing intrachains to become interchains with little to no crosslinking with other pseudopolyrotaxanes.The researchers report that the gel had promising properties and compared favorably to other gels, and it is stretchable to 30 times its non-stretched length. They also found that it reverted back to a sol when left on a table overnight at room temperature. But shaking it returned it to a gel. They report that the cycle could be repeated up to five times before it began to degrade. They note also that the cycle represents a form of self-healing. The researchers suggest the form of dissipative self-assembly demonstrated by their experiments would very likely be of use to material scientists because of the gel’s ability to mimic natural self-healing—they suggest it could also prove to be quite adaptive. They also note that the resultant gel was stronger than other structures created using synthetic dissipative self-assembly, and demonstrates better mechanical properties. A team of researchers at Southern University of Science and Technology in China has found a way to use shear forces to create a self-assembled supramolecular hydrogel from a sol. In their paper published in the journal Nature Chemistry, the researchers describe how they created their hydrogel and some of its properties.
The claims for fiction are great. It’s been credited with everything from an increase in volunteering and charitable giving to the tendency to vote – and even with the gradual decrease in violence over the centuries. Every day more than 1.8 million books are sold in the US and another half a million books are sold in the UK. Despite all the other easy distractions available to us today, there’s no doubt that many people still love reading. Books can teach us plenty about the world, of course, as well as improving our vocabularies and writing skills. But can fiction also make us better people? Characters hook us into stories. Aristotle said that when we watch a tragedy two emotions predominate: pity (for the character) and fear (for yourself). Without necessarily even noticing, we imagine what it’s like to be them and compare their reactions to situations with how we responded in the past, or imagine we might in the future. Read the whole story: BBC
Kolkata: As many as 10 persons including four children were killed as thundershowers lashed various South Bengal districts and parts of North Bengal too on Sunday afternoon. All those who died were stuck by lightning. Two people died at Nadia, one at Jalangi in Murshidabad, two at Ghatal, West Midnapore while four children died at Uluberia, Howrah, while another child died while playing football at Park Circus.”The four children who died at Uluberia had ventured out of their houses for collecting mangoes during the thundershowers when they were struck by lightning,” a senior police officer in the district said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsChief Minister Mamata Banerjee expressed grief over the deaths in the incidents and assured all help and support to the families where there has been loss of life and property due to the inclement weather. “We are doing a survey on the extent of damage. The Chief Secretary has sought reports from all the District Magistrates. We have a disaster management fund and the government will extend all sort of assistance to the families that have suffered loss in terms of life and property,” Banerjee said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAs many as 14 flights in Kolkata airport were affected due to bad weather conditions. “Five flights scheduled to land at the airport were diverted to Bhubaneswar. A Delhi-bound flight was even cancelled and there was delay in landing and departure of eight flights,” a spokesperson of the airport mentioned. The city and other districts in South Bengal may witness heavy rainfall in the next 24 hours, predicted the weather office on Sunday. Many of the districts which are going to the Panchayat polls on Monday may also receive moderate to heavy rainfall. Moderate to heavy rainfall occurred in various South Bengal districts on Sunday afternoon. There is also an alert of heavy rain in some districts including Howrah, Hooghly and Kolkata. It may be mentioned here that heavy rain accompanied with strong winds lashed some parts of North 24-Parganas, South 24-Parganas, Nadia, Hooghly and Kolkata on Sunday afternoon.The city sky remained overcast from Sunday morning. The Regional Meteorological Centre in Alipore predicted that it may rain in the city and adjoining areas accompanied with storm in the next 24 hours. According to a weather expert, a strong moisture-laden wind which is blowing from the sea, turned the conditions favourable for a storm. A cyclonic circulation has also contributed to the condition. According to the weather office, various North Bengal districts may also receive rainfall. The prediction also says that a wind of around 40-60 km per hour will sweep through North 24-Parganas, South 24-Parganas, Hooghly, Howrah and Kolkata. Various district administrations have already issued alerts asking people to stay indoors during thunderstorm and lightning. In a few recent incidents, many people have died due to lightning in the districts. According to a senior official of the weather office, conditions are favourable for a thunderstorm and heavy rain in some of the South Bengal districts. There is enough moisture flowing in from the sea as well. Two other factors could raise the chances of a storm. One is the rising heat and the second a cyclonic circulation. A thundershower on Monday is expected as well. The city recorded 23.8 mm of rainfall while North 24 Parganas district’s Barrackpore recorded 68 mm rain, the highest in the state on Sunday, a MeT official said. Meanwhile, one tree was uprooted at 116, Santoshpur Avenue under Survey Park Police Station. DMG and KP have swung into action immediately. A tram wire also snapped near Shiraz hotel on Park Street at Mallick Bazar. Lightning struck a three-storeyed house on D Gupta Lane under Sinthee PS leading to damage of electricity connection. No injuries were reported. Police and CESC officials have rushed to the spot. Incessant rain led to water-logging in various parts of the city including Kankurgachi underpass, Abdul Rasul Avenue, in front of Thanthania Kali Mandir and Ultadanga underpass as well.
Books are an indispensable part of our lives and depict our lifestyle and preferences, to a great extent. Be it fiction, non-fiction, anthology, biography, mystery, romance, satire, books of any genre have adorned the shelves of every book lover, starting from their growing years to adulthood. They not only cater to our literal appetite but also help to establish a balance in our ever-changing lives. One finds solace in the books he or she loves the most and sometimes this even transcends the company of a living soul. Books are no longer limited to the ‘source of knowledge’ definition but have evolved over the years, bringing out
Kolkata: The state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs department has taken every possible measure to prevent the spread of dengue and there is no reason to panic, state minister for the department Firhad Hakim said on Friday.Coming down heavily on those who have criticised the Urban Development department for not taking appropriate measures to prevent Dengue, Hakim said: “We have taken up the matter seriously and our aim is to reduce the number of persons afflicted with the disease to zero.” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeHakim met all the officials of the municipalities of North 24-Parganas at Writers’ Building to take stock of the situation. He said there was news of unknown fever from some areas. “But no need to panic. The municipalities have intensified their vigil and prompt actions are being taken.” He will meet officials of all the state municipalities on August 14.It may be mentioned that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had asked all the civic bodies in the state to take up anti-larvae drives seriously. As the mosquitoes have changed their breeding season, all the civic bodies had began awareness campaigns from January. At the onset of monsoon, the anti-larvae drives have been intensified by them. In North 24-Parganas there are many closed factories and abandoned mills, particularly in areas surrounding Barrackpore where the garbage has not been cleaned and there are broken sheds that hold rain water. The mosquitoes lay egg in clear water and it takes only seven days for the pupae to become adult mosquitoes. It may be mentioned that the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has already made a move to enter the houses that have been kept under lock and key for years, in presence of police, to clear the garbage and spray mosquito repellants.
It is a rare feat to pen a chronicle of a historical event which is not only the first introduction for succeeding generations but also the most vivid and enduring. And an Irish-born journalist did it thrice – aided by two of these works becoming well-known films. In the process, he also became a pioneer of “popular history” or one meant for the general reader and complementing the big picture with personal experiences across the board from all sides and a rich amount of detail, instead of analysis. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’If your first introduction to the D-Day (the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944) is the 1962 big-screen spectacle with a John Wayne as a US colonel fighting on despite a broken ankle, Richard Burton as a RAF pilot on the edge, and an American paratrooper trapped on a church tower as a firefight rages in the village square below, Cornelius Ryan is responsible.The same if all you know of Operation Market Garden is from seeing Sean Connery, Gene Hackman, Robert Redford, James Caan and Ryan O’ Neal in a desperate fight to grab Dutch bridges while the likes of Maximilian Schell and Hardy Kruger do their best to foil them. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWorld War II not only saw authors like John Steinbeck, Ernest Hemingway, and Edgar Rice Burroughs become journalists but also journalists like Australians Alan Moorehead and Chester Wilmot and Soviet Vasily Grossman turn authors. Ryan, one of the latter group, was the most famous.Born in Dublin in 1920, he moved to London in 1940 and became a war correspondent, flying along over a dozen bombing missions with the US Air Force, before being attached to Gen. George S. Patton’s Third Army. This did not take part in D-Day, but only came into action after the breakout from Normandy, when it chased German forces right to the German border before lack of supplies led to a halt. Ryan, however, had himself been in Normandy twice on D-Day (which came a day after he turned 24) – first in a bomber over the beaches and then on a patrol boat back to Normandy after landing in England. In 1947, he emigrated to the US and worked for Time (for whom he reported on US nuclear bomb tests and the First Arab-Israeli War) and then Collier’s Weekly. At a loose end after this folded in 1956, Ryan, who had proposed a book on D-Day two hours after the invasion began and grew further determined after a Normandy visit in 1949, set to work on earnest. An ad “Personal: Were You There on 6 June, 1944?” elicited thousands of responses.This was followed up with a three-page questionnaire, and on basis of replies, thousands of interviews – of Allied and German soldiers and commanders and French resistance members and civilians – were taken and hundreds of accounts were used to construct a gripping narrative of the hours leading to and of that eventful day in all its panorama of anticipation, danger, heroism and fear. Some journalists never learned to stop working!
Foodies are in for a treat as they will get to indulge in authentic cuisines as Delhi Tourism will be organising a food festival ‘Dilli ke Vayanjan’ from February 12-14 in the national Capital. This three-day festival aims to present the blend of culinary diversity of Delhi through exquisite food stalls from traditional shops of Purani Dilli. Various renowned restaurants and vendors namely Delhi 6 Ka Taste, Desi Foods Group, Grillz, Suruchi Restaurant – Bengali Veg and Non Veg, Al Amin’s – Non Veg Specialist, Rasoi, New Zaika, Daulat ke Chaat, Paranthe Wali Gali ke Paranthe, traditional varieties of kulfi from Traditiona Hut will be the major participants in this festival.The entire venue of ‘Dilli ke Vayanjan’ is themed to showcase the vivid history and traditions of Old Delhi. WHEN: February 12-14WHERE: Dilli Haat, Janak PuriTIME: 11 AM – 9 PM
Kolkata: A fire broke out at a garment factory at Ashoknagar in North 24-Parganas in the wee hours of Sunday. Several firefighters went to the spot and brought the situation under control. Though the total extend of damage is yet to be ascertained, according to the owner of the factory, there was stock worth more than few lakhs.The preliminary investigation revealed the owner of the factory had closed the same at around 12.30 am on Sunday and left for his home that is situated in the vicinity. After an hour or so, some locals found smoke billowing out of a window of the factory. They reported the matter to the factory owner and also initiated the work to douse the flames. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThey also informed to the state Fire and Emergency Services department. Firefighters reached the spot and joined the locals in the work to douse the flames. Meanwhile, there was another incident of fire on Bentinck Street on Sunday evening. According to the state Fire and Emergency Services department, the fire broke out on the second floor of a building. There was a heap of garbage on the second floor of the building where the fire broke out. Locals saw smoke billowing out and reported the matter to the fire station. Three fire tenders were pressed into service. Fire fighters took prompt steps and reached the spot. They checked the fire from spreading to any other part of the building.
Although both men and women gossip, women are more likely to use gossiping and rumour-mongering as tactics to badmouth a potential rival who is competing for a man’s attention, a study claims. Women also gossip more about other women’s looks, whereas men talk about cues to resource holding (eg. wealth) and the athleticism of their competitors.According to Adam Davis of the University of Ottawa in Canada, gossiping is a highly evolved social skill and an intrasexual competition tactic that relates to women’s and men’s evolved preferences.He therefore sees it as essential for interpersonal relationships, and not a flaw of character.The study, published in journal Evolutionary Psychological Science, provides the first verifiable evidence for a positive link between intrasexual competitiveness, the amount of gossip that people take part in, and whether they are OK with such talk or not. Scholars agree that gossip has evolved as an efficient way to learn more about others, and to enforce group norms.It is also a method by which people can learn more about their rivals, and can call into question their reputation, especially when they are vying for the same romantically or sexually desirable mates.In this study, 290 heterosexual Canadian students between the ages of 17 and 30 years old completed three questionnaires. One measured how competitive the participants are towards members of the same sex as their own, especially in terms of access to the attention of potential mates.The other questionnaires measured the tendency and likelihood of the participants to gossip about others, the perceived social value of gossip, and whether it is okay to talk about others behind their backs. It was found that people who were competitive towards members of their own sex had a greater tendency to gossip.They were also more comfortable with the practice than others. Women had a greater tendency to gossip than men, and they also enjoyed it more, and saw more value in participating in such chit-chat.Men were more likely to gossip about the achievements of others. Such talk among women often targeted the physical appearance of another, and was used to share social information.Women also found gossip to have greater social value, which may allow them gather more information about possible competitors in the game of finding a mate. It may also help to hone their ability to gossip in future.According to Davis, these findings provide evidence that gossip is an intrasexual competition tactic that corresponds to women’s and men’s evolved mate preferences. It also reflects the different strategies used by the sexes in their quest to find suitable mates.”The findings demonstrate that gossip is intimately linked to mate competition and not solely the product of a female gender stereotype that may be viewed as pejorative,” said Davis.”It is a highly evolved social skill essential for interpersonal relationships, rather than a flaw of character,” he said.
Ethnic wear with asymmetrical hemlines have became a rage. But ensure you style it with the right lowers and footwear, say experts. The right asymmetrical hemline: Asymmetrical hemlines come in so many styles that it is not an easy task to keep up with them. The trick here is to identify what suits your body type and then style it just the way you want to. There is just no one right kurta for you, each style holds its unique value of catering to – work, play and beyond. They suit women of all ages, you just need to have the right design that will help you enhance the occasion. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfStyling with lowers: Imagine a trendy tail-cut kurta with a longer back and shorter front, or a pretty high-low flared kurta, or even the fancy zig-zag hemline – the major dilemma is what to wear at the bottom. While many believe to style it up with simple leggings, you can also try palazzos, jazzy culottes, linen pants, or even a smart trouser. It takes your casual, as well as party looks a notch higher, giving you a modern ethnic ensemble. Pack a punch with accessories: Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive Oversized tassel earrings, broad waist belts and statement neckpieces, all have made a fashion comeback and how. Right footwear: Be it a pair of pumps for a classic look, booties for an edgy look, fun heels for a pop of colour or your favourite wedges for a dance night over the weekend, the right footwear garners maximum attention. You can pair an asymmetric skirt with a classic shape t-shirt: Asymmetric dresses are complete styled ensembles in themselves and don’t require much to complete the look. A basic denim jacket can be thrown on to add layering. When wearing an asymmetric hemline, you already have a busy silhouette, so it doesn’t need an over the top garment to be styled with. If it’s printed, you don’t need to layer it at all and if it’s a solid colour garment, you can always throw a printed t-shirt over a skirt or layer a dress with a printed jacket or shirt. Since the asymmetric silhouette is feminine you can style it with combat boots for an androgynous look. Asymmetric shapes tend to flare towards the bottom hem so it would work well for pear shaped, hour glass and rectangle types of silhouettes.
Kolkata: Within just 24 hours of Trinamool leader Nirmal Kundu’s murder, a threat poster was pasted on another Trinamool leader’s house. On Wednesday morning, Trinamool leader Nirmal Bala found that someone had pasted a hand-written poster containing a death threat on the door of his house.Bala, who is a resident of South Pratapgarh in Birati, is a ward president of Trinamool in the area. During the Lok Sabha elections, he had played a crucial role in Trinamool’s victory in the area. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataOn Wednesday morning, some local residents saw a hand-written poster pasted on the door of Bala’s house. A few of his neighbours read the poster and informed Bala. In the poster it was written that his head will be severed as Bala is a Trinamool leader and worker and that more are to face such consequences. The name of BJP and ‘Jai Shri Ram’ was written at the end. The poster read: “Trinamool korchhis Nirmal Bala, tor mundu kete football khelbo. Aaro oneke achhe. Jai Shri Ram, BJP zindabad.” Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateImmediately, Bala informed Nimta police station about the poster. Later, police removed the threat poster from Bala’s house. A probe has been initiated. Local Trinamool leaders alleged that after losing in Dum Dum, BJP is trying to create terror in the area and thus they are sparking violence and attacking Trinamool leaders and workers. BJP, however, has denied the allegations and claimed it to be a plan to malign them.
Kolkata: Parliamentary Affairs minister Partha Chatterjee criticised the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) for issuing a statement in the Parliament on Tuesday that a terror outfit based in Bangladesh is using some madrasas in the state as hubs.Both the ruling party and Opposition protested against the statement of the Centre in the Assembly on Wednesday. Speaking on the issue, Chatterjee said that the Centre has been indulging in divisive politics and it was an attempt to malign the image of Bengal. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”If the Centre attacks a particular community in this manner, it sends a wrong signal to the society. Painting all the people belonging to a particular community with the same brush is uncalled for. It maligns the tradition and heritage of Bengal, which accommodates people irrespective their caste, creed and religion,” Chatterjee said in the House. Meanwhile, Speaker of the Assembly Biman Bandyopadhyay urged the House to submit a proposal to him in this regard. In another development during the day, Minority Affairs and Madrasa Education minister Giasuddin Molla called for a meeting to examine the educational details and backgrounds of madrasas on July 10. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThe development takes place a day after the Ministry of Home Affairs stated that some madrasas in the state were preaching religious extremism and helping the terrorist organisations. According to sources, Molla will hold a meeting with his department officials, which would be more of a review meeting with the heads or representatives of all the madrasas in the state. The minister will reexamine the details of the madrasas, both government and private, as well as those heading them. He is also likely to check the background of the madrasas and the activities centering them. It may be mentioned here that the MHA, in its reply to a question in the Parliament on Tuesday, said that a terror outfit based in Bangladesh is using some madrasas in Burdwan and Murshidabad districts to radicalise and recruit local youths. The state government was also put on alert. Opposition leader in the Assembly Abdul Mannan said regarding MHA’s statement: “We condemn the statement. Many Hindus also study in madrasas. A community has been attacked. The government has given permission to the madrasas in the state. Blaming people belonging to a particular community is condemnable.” It may be mentioned here that the Khagragarh blast, which took place in Burdwan in 2014, shook the entire state and the Central agencies found the involvement of Jamaat-ul-Mujahiddeen Bangladesh (JMB) behind the blast.
‘Expressions through impression’ – a solo exhibition by potter Vibha Budhraja is going on at Lalit Kala Academy. One of the most interesting features of this show is a series of sculptures which draws inspiration from the ancient pillars to depict different phases of our lives. In the words of the potter, ‘it leaves it imprints on our minds and some impressions are so deep that they remain in our mind forever.’Priyanka Banerjee, an art curator and art critic feels that the exhibition of cultural ceramics will take an art lover in the world of fantasy. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfCeramics with its brilliant colours, innovative designs, and varied forms is among the most enduring and fascinating of decorative arts. Artistic expression has been hugely prevalent in society since early man drew paintings on a cave wall. It is ever – present in the world, and its magical lure has impacted societies forever. There is a long history of ceramic art in almost all developed cultures, and often ceramic objects are all artistic evidence left from vanished cultures. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveBudhraja, who graduated her course in 2002 in Ceramics and Sculpture Making from South Delhi Polytechnic for Women – has attended various workshops related to ceramics from various eminent Indian and foreign artists. Pottery is the most sensual of all art forms. The real beginning of Indian pottery began with the Indus Valley Civilization and the art of shaping and baking clay articles as pottery, earthenware and porcelain has continued through ages. In today’s fast paced times its wonderful to see such talented potter take forward the rich cultural legacy our forefathers have left behind. The exhibition is a treat to all the art lovers. It can be seen as an embodiment of Keatsian dictum that, ‘A thing of beauty is a joy forever.’ The exhibition will go on until May 4.
Death was a prevalent discourse during the life and times of average Victorians. One rather obvious reason was that life expectancy was much shorter. Be pleased with yourself had you lived in 19th century London and reached the advanced age of 45. Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, a vigorous man who succumbed to a fever, was not as lucky and died at the age of 42. The sad event, which occurred on a cold December night in 1861 at Windsor Castle, would define the rest of Queen Victoria’s days as Britain’s reigning monarch.Queen Victoria with the five surviving children of her daughter, Princess Alice, dressed in mourning clothing for their mother and their sister Princess Marie in early 1879.She would clothe herself in black up until the end of her own life some four decades later. Queen Victoria died on January 22, 1901 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and her funeral, which ended the era that claimed her name, is a story on its own right.Once the Queen realized her time was running out, she reportedly called for her personal physician, who catered to her during the last 15 years of life — Dr. James Reid.Queen Victoria in 1890The doctor became a chosen confidant. Now at the end, he would bear the grave responsibility of conducting everything contained in the detailed 12 pages the Queen had prepared. The document described what should be done once her body turned cold.As you might imagine, those instructions were kept secret. First and foremost because the Queen’s own children would have quickly denounced what stood written in her instructions. The document resurfaced years later in Dr. Reid’s family archives.Queen Victoria’s funeral processionDr. Reid assured that the instructions were fully implemented, including the list of rather bizarre items that were supposed to go in the coffin along with the Queen’s body.The abundance of flowers, gathered and brought from all around the U.K. and abroad, helped some of those items go unnoticed.Westminster Abbey. Special Service To be held on the occasion of the Funeral of Her Late Majesty Queen Victoria, Saturday, February 2nd, 1901, At Two o’clock.So, what exactly did the longest reigning monarch of Britain at the time want to conceal?These were mostly items of sentimental value for the Queen. One included a plaster cast of Prince Albert’s hand. It’s weird enough that the Queen actually kept a plaster hand of her dead spouse. Even weirder is that she slept with it for years after his demise. But that just one bit of all the weird.Prince Albert and Queen VictoriaThe Queen’s grieving observations are known to have included requests to servants that each morning they bring hot water and the shaving set that belonged to Prince Albert, as if he was still there. This uncanny practice supposedly went on for years.While the Queen didn’t ask for the shaving set to be placed in the coffin, she did ask for the prince’s dressing gown. The gown was placed above a layer of charcoal added to neutralize the smell of decay and she would lay atop of it.Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1854Queen Victoria, perhaps surprisingly, also demanded a wholly white funeral. This would include white horses for the military processions that were arranged to carry her casket, with matching mourning attire and all.Even more notably, the most famous widow in history wanted to be laid to rest with the white veil she wore on her wedding day in 1840. Such a wish entirely contrasted with the outfits the Queen opted for after the death of her late husband, but it was symbolic in several ways.Queen Victoria in her wedding dress and veil from 1840, painted in 1847 as an anniversary gift for her husband, Prince Albert.Queen Victoria pioneered the white wedding gown, setting the trend for generations to come. Before that, different colors were worn by brides for wedding ceremonies. The Queen was definitely attached to her bridal clothes. She would have the veil in the coffin both to hint at the chastity of her youth, and to honor the one most significant — and satisfying — relationship she experienced in life.In the coffin, Queen Victoria also asked for a cloak which Princess Alice had embroidered for her father. Princess Alice, one of the nine children born to Victoria and Albert, was their third-born and she had forged a special bond with her parents. She is said to have taken care of Albert during his sickness, offering support until his very final moments. She was again there for her grief-stricken mother.Princess Alice in 1871Since the Queen was overwhelmed by the loss, for a while Alice would step up as a personal assistant, replacing her mother for much of the ongoing royal duties.It’s understandable that Victoria later developed an attachment for that particular embroidered cloak. Princess Alice was also the first of her children to pass away, aged only 35. The garment became a memory-preserving item, both of the Queen’s favorite child and of her loving spouse.On her hands, the lifeless Queen Victoria wore an excessive amount of jewelry, something which critics have associated with occult practices (the presence of Albert’s embroidered cloak or his dressing gown in the coffin have also been connected with occultism).Queen Victoria was buried wearing two wedding rings – one for her husband, and one for her lover.But two pieces of jewelry stand out in importance: Queen Victoria’s wedding ring, and a second ring placed on the same finger that was given to her by her supposed lover, John Brown. Here begins the part where the Queen probably needed Dr. Reid’s help the most.Brown was a royal family servant from Scotland and who comforted the Queen following the Prince Albert’s death.For other royal family members, this affiliation screamed scandal, however. The close relationship that developed between the Queen and her servant was not approved of. To such a degree that her son and successor to the throne — Edward VII — made sure to discard all memorabilia associated with John Brown. (Probably equally loathed was the Indian servant Abdul Karim, with whom Victoria became close after Brown’s death).Queen Victoria, her collie dog Noble, and the Munshi, Abdul Karim. Published in the The Graphic, 16 October 1897. Taken in the Garden Cottage at Balmoral, 1894 or 1895.Thanks to the good doctor, Queen Victoria still carried a lock of John Brown’s hair and a photo of him to her grave. One of her fingers indeed was adorned with a ring that had originally belonged to Brown’s mother. Many of these sentimental items found their way into the coffin moments before it was sealed.Only one request by the Queen was not carried out — that a life-size sculpture of her should be moved to the mausoleum at the Frogmore Estate, which housed a matching sculpture of Albert, as well as his remains.The mausoleum and the sculptures were commissioned by the Queen shortly after Albert’s death. While Albert’s sculpture was erected in the mausoleum, the one depicting his wife was kept at Windsor until the right moment for its usage came. Since four decades passed between the two deaths, Victoria’s sculpture was lost and added to the mausoleum only months later when it eventually resurfaced.Read another story from us: The Hilariously Botched Coronation Ceremony of Queen VictoriaQueen Victoria’s body was not disclosed for public viewing, even though the most famous person of the 19th century had just died. The last “friend” the dying monarch demanded to see was her Pomeranian dog, Turi. The royal pet became the last living soul to hear the Queen’s breathing.
Dwyane Wade is taking his talents to Lake Shore Drive. Last night, Wade dropped the latest NBA free agency bombshell, announcing that he’s leaving the Heat after 13 seasons to join his hometown Bulls on a 2 year, $47 million deal. Wade’s accumulated resentment toward Pat Riley and the Heat organization for their unwillingness to repay him for years of sacrificing salary during title runs was reportedly the driving factor in his departure.Wade reportedly declined a 2 year contract for $40 million with the Heat in Favor of signing a $47 million contract with the Bulls. The gap between the contracts is considerably less, because a large portion of the additional $7 million will be gobbled up by onerous state and city taxes of Chicago.Additionally, Wade’s move to the Bulls is at best a lateral one from a competitive standpoint. The Bulls only won 42 games last year, and now have an oddly configured roster that now boasts Wade and Rajon Rondo as key pieces to surround superstar shooting guard Jimmy Butler. No reasonable person could conclude that the Bulls will present any threat to the Cavs in the East.Wade released statement explaining his decision and thanking the City of Miami and the Heat organization for the 13 year run.Dwyane Wade’s letter to the Miami Heat organization and fans. pic.twitter.com/1ItQHis5iB— NBA Free Agency (@nbafreeagency) July 7, 2016Pat Riley sent a text message to the Miami Herald in reaction to Wade’s announcement, which, in context, reads like written crocodile tears.“SADDDDDDD!!!! SO saddddddd! I will never forget the sixth game in Dallas in 2006. DW rebounded the ball, and threw it to the heavens and the Heat universe was perfect for that moment. Our first world championship. Our universe is not perfect today. It will be fraught with anger, judgment, blame instead of THANK YOU!!! Ten years ago. Ten years older. Ten years wiser. Ten years changed. All of us. Dwyane had a choice, and he made it. He went home. Bad, bad summer for us. But there will be another 10 years, and it will be someone or something else in 2026. Move on with no blood or tears. Just thanks. I truly loved Dwyane, but families grow, change and get on with another life. He will always be a part of us. ALWAYS! And no more bruises and enough fighting. Let’s just fly above it if we can and never forget. I feel his pain and pride for what pushed him over the ledge. Been there. Forever, for always, your coach I will be. FOREVER!”Shockingly, Miami Herald Heat insider Ethan Skolnick is reporting that Riley never even called Wade during free agency.While you’re watching Kelly Ripa, one more nugget: Pat Riley never called Dwyane Wade during the entire process.— Ethan J. Skolnick (@EthanJSkolnick) July 7, 2016 Advertisement In the end, Riley was simply unwilling to extend the same type of massive “thanks for your service to the franchise” contract that the Lakers gave Kobe Bryant at the end of his career. Riley has seen the devastating long term damage that Kobe’s burdensome contract has had on Lakers attempts to rebuild post-Kobe. With Riley it’s always business over personal. The Wade move was good business for the Heat.